PUANRNAVA AND PUNARNAVA MANDOOR Latin name –Boerhavia diffusa English name – Spreading Hogweed, Horse


Latin name –Boerhavia diffusa
English name – Spreading Hogweed, Horse Purslane
Indian name –Punarnava

Punarnava is found throughout India and Brazil. It is a very important plant for urinary system. It can be white or red and has long since been used as a treatment of liver disorders such as jaundice and hepatitis. Throughout the tropics, it is used as a natural remedy for Guinea worms. It is a wonderful natural diuretic. Ayurveda- the ancient healthcare system of india recommend punarnava mandur tablets for various fluid retention problems.


It is a classical ayurvedic formulation for anemia, Low Platelet count, Low RBC count, Swelling around Joints, Generalised Swelling, Gout and other endotoxins accumulation. It is also diuretic and is useful in renal disorders. In renal failure, it is used with Mutrakrichantak Churna for getting good results. Kidney support can also be used with it.

Punarnava mandur is a traditional Ayurvedic formulation which is prescribed in conditions like Anemia, Jaundice, pedal edema or generalized edema, Swelling and fluid accumulcation, fluid retention in feet. It is also a best herbal remedy for ascites, Disorders associated with Liver and Spleen, Skin diseases, Kidney diseases, fluid retention due to kidney failure or liver failure.

Ingredients of Punarnava Mandur tablets

Sanskrit Name

Botanical Name



Boerhaavia diffusa



Operculina turpethum



Zingiber officinale



Piper longum



Piper nigrum



Embelia ribes



Cedrus deodara


8.Chitrak mool

Plumbago zeylanica


9.Pushkara mool

Inula racemosa



Terminalia chebula



Terminalia belerica



Emblica officinalis



Berberis aristata



Curcuma longa



Baliospermum montanum



Piper chaba



Holarrhena antidysenterica



Picrorrhiza kurroa



Piper longum root



Cyperus rotundus


21.Mandoor Bhasma

Ferric oxide calx



Cow’s urine


Plant Description -Boerhavia diffusa- Punarnava

A perennial creeper, 0.75-1m in length. Sometimes grows up to 4mtrs in rainy seasons and dries in summer.
Leaves: opposite, 2.5-4cm long, fleshy with soft hairs, whitish ventrally.
Flowers: small, pink coloured,
Fruits: 1cm long, round or circular, containing seeds like cow’s beans.
Root: twisted on drying.
Flowering and fruiting during winter.

Chemical Constituents of Punarnava

Punarnava contains b-Sitosterol, a-2-sitosterol, palmitic acid, ester of b-sitosterol, tetracosanoic, hexacosonoic, stearic, arachidic acid, urosilic acid, Hentriacontane, b-Ecdysone, triacontanol etc

Parts Used

Whole herb, root. Each part has a different therapeutic value and must be prepared in its own way for maximum benefits. Found throughout India, especially during the rainy season.

Traditional Ayurvedic Uses of Punarnava

The root of this plant is a powerful Rasayana (longevity enhancer). It is good for the kidneys, especially the nephron cells which are damaged by long-term hyperglycemia (diabetes). And it pacifies two of the main laws of physiology (Vata and Kapha).
Punarnava enhances the quality of 6 of the 7 categories of bodily tissues, including nutrient plasma (Rasa Dhatu), blood (Rakta Dhatu), muscle (Mamsa Dhatu), fat (Meda Dhatu), bone marrow and nerves (Majja Dhatu), and reproductive fluids (Shukra Dhatu).
According to Ayurveda, Punarnava is diuretic by increasing renal blood flow. It is bitter, cooling, astringent to bowels, useful in biliousness, leucorrhoea, inflammations, asthma etc. The leaves are useful in dyspepsia, tumors, and abdominal pains. According to Unani system of medicine, the leaves are appetizer, alexiteric, useful in opthalmia, in joint pains. Seeds are tonic expectorant, carminative, useful in lumbago, scabies. The seeds are considered as promising blood purifier.It is excellent natural diuretic.

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The main indications for uses of Punarnava are

As diuretic for edema, painful micturition, renal stones.
Blood impurities; heart diseases especially congestive heart failure.
Anemia, spleen enlargement, ascites, liver failure, kidney failure

Punarnava Juice- 20 to 30 ml per day, Punarnava Powder- 3-6 grams per day,

Punarnava Mandur – 2 tablets thrice daily

Punarnava – for fever, bloating, and spring discomforts

Spring is a painful time for Tigers. Joints feel swollen and hurt as the barometric pressure drops before a storm. Winds, rains, uncertain weather irritate. Allergens and humidity slow the liver’s detoxification of acids, which increase inflammation and indigestion. New Yorkers get crabby and clumsy. They bump into eachother and yell in the street. It’s like everyone gets PMS all at once. Lately my liver has felt painful when I lay on my right side and I felt hot (feverish) in the abdomen, chest, neck and head. (Could it have been the Botox injection I had last week to remove worry wrinkles from my forehead?!!) To feel cool and comfortable, I added 1 tsp. of an East Indian powder Punarnavadi churna to a glass of water three times daily. It did the trick in a day or two. Punarnava (AKA hog weed) regulates the liver, is diuretic and acts as a gentle heart tonic. Look Mom no wrinkles, no inflammation. Eventually punarnava’s diuretic and cleansing effects are slimming. It’s a good long term remedy for prevention of liverish discomforts useful for rich eaters and drinkers.

Punarnava/Hog Weed

Botanical Name : Boerhaavia diffusa

This Ayurvedic herb is found throughout India. It is a creeping and spreading perennial herb, with a stout root-stock and many erect or spreading branches. It grows up to 2 meters in length. The leaves of the plant are simple, broad, somewhat rough, thick and brittle. The flowers are pink or red in color. The fruits are oval in shape, dull green or brownish in color and about the size of caraway bean.

Ancient ayurvedic texts describe Punarnava as of two types, white and red. Both of them have identical medicinal value.

Punarnava is slightly bitter in taste and is considered hot, light and dry in effect. According to Ayurveda (the classical natural medicine of India) it balances all Doshas (Vata, Pitta and Kapha) in the body. That means it reduces nervous exhaustion, depression, paralysis and arthritic conditions (Vata). It reduces inflammatory conditions, including fevers, hot flashes, rashes, and hypertension (Pitta). It reduces phlegmy congestion that might lead to overweight, asthma, joint swelling, edema, cancers, and other water-retention conditions (Kapha).

Besides potassium nitrate, it contains an alkaloid, which is known as punarnavine. Experimental studies have confirmed the diuretic properties of Punarnava. It is useful in obesity, anemia cases, loss of appetite, jaundice and chronic but non specific febrile conditions. It is also anti-inflammatory, mildly laxative and also a heart tonic. Punarnava is also known to possess properties to cure skin and soft tissue infections.

Parts Used
The whole plant, particularly leaves, roots and seeds.

Healing power and curative properties:

The herb has been used in indigenous medicine from time immemorial. Punarnava is highly beneficial in the treatment of obesity as almost all anti-obesity herbal preparations contain it in one or the other form. It is beneficial in the treatment of several common ailments.

“Dropsy” (edema):
Punarnava increases the secretion and discharge of urine. It is effective in the treatment of dropsy, a disease marked by an excessive collection of a watery fluid in the tissues and cavities or natural hollows of the body. The fresh boiled herb should be given in the treatment of this disease. A liquid extract of the fresh or dry plant can also be given in doses of 4 to 6 gms.

Ascites: (a large belly full of toxic fluid resulting from liver failure)
The herb is useful in the treatment of ascites, a disease characterized by accumulation of fluid inside the peritoneal cavity of the abdomen. Much more powerful effect on certain types of ascites that is caused due to the cirrhosis of the liver and chronic peritonitis.

Stomach disorders:
The herb is useful in strengthening the stomach and promoting its action. It is beneficial in the treatment of several stomach disorders, particularly intestinal colic. A powder of the root is given in doses of 5 gms (1 tsp) three times a day. It is also useful in killing or expelling intestinal worms.

Punarnava promotes the removal of catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tubes. It is, therefore, beneficial in the treatment of asthma. A powder of the root can be taken in small doses three times a day.

Fevers and hot flashes:
Punarnava is beneficial in the treatment of fevers. It brings down temperature by inducing copious perspiration.

Skin diseases
The root of the plant is an effective remedy for several skin diseases. A paste of the root can be applied beneficially as a dressing for edematous swellings. A hot poultice of the root can be applied with gratifying results to ulcers, abscesses and similar skin diseases.

Other discomforts:
The root of the plant is useful in the treatment of several diseases – particularly of the kidney and heart as well as gonorrhea. It is also valuable in anemia, cough, pleurisy, nervous weakness, constipation and paralysis. I don’t know if it helps the body to tolerate Botox or other (toxic) substances. If you tend to have allergic reactions that include inflammation or swelling, it may help. Better to avoid toxins. Homeopathic apis mel 30C (homeopathic honey bee) also reduces allergic swelling, redness, heat and pain from allergic swelling.

All the above articles / blog posts are not the original contribution from author, please consider a opinion of qualified doctor, if you considering this. If you need a advice please contact Dr. Anil Joy email: [email protected]

Thank You,

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