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Bauchanania latifolia – Priyala

Bauchanania latifolia – Priyala

Anacardiaceae

Kingdom Plantae – Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Subclass Rosidae Order Sapindales Family Anacardiaceae – Sumac family Genus Buchanania Spreng. – buchanania Species Buchananialatifolia Roxb. – chirauli nut

Names in different languages

Hindi:piyar,ciraumci,

kanada: nurkala,

Malayalam: mural, munnapelu, priyalam,

Tamil : murala

Telugu : sara

English: kaddappa almond

Synon

Priyal, kharaskandh, bahalvalkal, snehabeej, lalan, tapaspriya, charoli, chiraunji, karaka

Morphology

Medium sized tree about 15-18 m height. With dark grey or nearly black rough fissured bark and young branches clothed with silky hairs.

Leaves simple, broadly oblong, obtuse, base rounded , thickly coariaceous, main nerves 10-20 pair, straight and parallel, flower small,

Carpels 5, only one perfect , other 4 reduced to cylindrical filaments, lenticular drupes.

Habitat: through out India

CHEMICAL CONTENTS
Kernel lipids (65.6%), comprised mainly of neutral lipids (90.4%), consist mostly of triacylglycerol (82.2%), free fatty acids (7.8%)andsmall amount of diacylglycerols, monoacylglycerols and sterols. The kernels are used in Indian medicine as a brain tonic. The leaves are valued as a cardiotonic. The leaves contain 2.64 % tannins (0.35% gallo-tannins). The presence of triterpenoids, saponins, flavonoids and reducing sugars are also reported. Powdered or crushed leaves are applied to wounds. The bark contains 13.4% tannins. The presence of alkaloids, saponins and reducing sugars is also reported. Gum (stem exudate) is antidiarrhoeal. Used internally in rheumatism.

Proper

Guna : snigdha, uru.

Rasa: madhur,

Vipak : madhur,

Virya: sheeta

Dosha: vattapitha shamak

Roots are acrid, astringent, cooling, depurative and constipating, and are useful in vitiated condition of pitta. Leprosy, skin disease and diarrhea

Leaves are cooling, digestive, expectorant, purgativeuseful in cough, burning sensation, seminal weakness

Fruit: sweet, sour, cooling, depurative, constipating, nervine tonic, cardiotonic, stomachic, laxative, cardiac debility, abdominal disorder, calculus , asthma, fever, emaciation, ulcer.

All the above articles / blog posts are not the original contribution from author, please consider a opinion of qualified doctor, if you considering this. If you need a advice please contact Dr. Anil Joy email: [email protected]

Thank You,

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